Authors should present an accurate account of their original research as well as an objective discussion of its significance. Manuscripts should follow the submission guidelines of the journal (see submission guideline policies). Fraudulent or knowingly inaccurate statements constitute unethical behavior and are not acceptable.
Originality and plagiarism
Authors must ensure that they have written entirely original work. Plagiarism in any form, including the touting of material contained in another paper (of the same authors or some other author) with cosmetic changes as a new paper; copying or paraphrasing substantial parts of another’s paper (without attribution), and claiming results from research conducted by others constitute unethical publishing behavior and are unacceptable.
Multiple, redundant, or concurrent publications
Authors should not submit the same manuscript to more than one journal at the same time. It is also expected that the author will not publish redundant manuscripts or manuscripts describing the same research in more than one journal.
Acknowledgement of sources
Authors should acknowledge all sources of data used in the research and cite publications that have been influential in the research work.
Authorship of the paper
Authorship should be limited to those who have made a significant contribution to the conception, design, execution, or interpretation of the reported study. All those who have made significant contributions should be listed as co-authors. Where there are others who have participated in certain substantive aspects of the research project, they should be acknowledged or listed as contributors. The corresponding author should ensure that all appropriate co-authors and no inappropriate co-authors are included on the paper, and that all co-authors have seen and approved the final version of the paper and have agreed to its submission for publication.
Fundamental errors in published works
If at any point of time, the author(s) discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in submitted manuscript, then the error or inaccuracy must be reported to the editor.
Conflict of interest
When they submit a manuscript, whether an article or a letter, authors are responsible for recognizing and disclosing financial and other conflicts of interest that might bias their work. They should acknowledge in the manuscript all financial support for the work.